Information Sharing Capabilities
REGIONAL AND FEDERAL EXCHANGES
NLETS National Law Enforcement Telecommunication System is a state-owned nonprofit organization that facilitates more than 100 interstate data exchange transactions. Examples include drivers’ license photos and registry of motor vehicles information, Interpol records, state criminal records, and corrections photos.
N-DEx National Data Exchange is a cloudhosted data warehouse that serves as a law enforcement search engine. It contains more than 180 million records and tracks more than 1 billion entities (people, places, and events). In addition to returning search query results, N-DEx uses proprietary algorithms to help law enforcement “connect the dots” between what may otherwise seem like unrelated data.
ARJIS San Diego Association of Governments’ Automated Regional Justice Information System provides a number of information services to dozens of local, state, and federal agencies in the San Diego region. Examples include providing data from multiple systems in response to officers’ queries about a field contact’s history, as well as providing a notification service so that when one officer makes a contact with another regarding a person of interest (such as a person under community supervision), both officers receive an alert.
IAFIS In July 1999, the fingerprint identification function was automated in the Integrated Automated Fingerprint Identification System (IAFIS). This national, computerized system for storing, comparing, and exchanging fingerprint data in a digital format permits comparisons of fingerprints in a faster and more accurate manner. It is located in, and operated by, the Criminal Justice Information Services (CJIS) Division of the FBI in Clarksburg, West Virginia. IAFIS provides three major services to its customers. First, it is a repository of criminal history information, fingerprints, criminal subject photographs, as well as information regarding military and civilian federal employees and other individuals as authorized by Congress. Second, it provides positive identification of individuals based on fingerprint submissions (both through ten‑print fingerprints and latent fingerprints). Third, it provides tentative identification of individuals based on descriptive information such as a name, date of birth, distinctive body markings, and identification numbers. IAFIS's primary function is to provide the FBI a fully automated fingerprint identification and criminal history reporting system. Additionally, IAFIS has made several other accomplishments. It has improved latent fingerprint identification services to the law enforcement community and it has also helped to develop uniform biometric standards. These improvements have eliminated the need to process and retain paper fingerprint cards and has, thereby, accelerated the identification process. Another benefit has been the development of improved digital image quality.
LEEP The Law Enforcement Enterprise Portal, or LEEP, is an electronic gateway that provides law enforcement agencies, intelligence partners, and criminal justice entities with centralized access to many different resources and services via a single sign-on. These resources strengthen case development for investigators and enhance information sharing between agencies.
RISSNET The Regional Information Sharing System (RISS) is a family of systems that support criminal investigations. RISS currently includes six regional networks. Specific RISS services include databases of information on gangs, terrorism and homeland security, and officer safety and investigation deconfliction, as well as records submitted by state and local participants on past offenses and offenders.